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About Me


I was born and brought up at Feni, Bangladesh. I passed my SSC from Feni Pilot High School (1972), HSC from Feni College (1974), Honours and Masters Degree from the Department of Sociology, University of Dhaka in 1980 and finally Ph. D from the University of Pune, India in 1985. I worked under Prof. D N Dhanagare for my Ph.D. I finished my Ph. D at an early age at a shortest time from that department. Basically I worked for World Bank and ADB projects more than any other organization. It does not mean that I had preference for those organizations rather not by choice but by others’ selection I worked for those organizations. I also worked for CIDA, DANIDA, USAID, NORAD, CARE, Concern, JICA, AusAid, etc. For long five years I was institutional advisor to BWDB under the Systems Rehabilitation Project (SRP) where I got opportunity to do some action researches and also where I got opportunity to learn a lot about our development field. I also worked as an international expert in Pakistan, India and Nepal. Currently I am working for several research and development projects in Bangladesh.

I was recruited by the Planning Commission, Government of Bangladesh, during the last caretaker government (2007-2008) period as a National Expert for preparation of PRSP-II for three years for the country (FY 2008-9 to 2010-11). I prepared a part of PRSP-II document covering social safety net, food security, disaster management, microcredit and rural non-farm activities/rural development. Also I was involved in preparation of a few national policies and national strategies like coastal policy 2005 and coastal development strategy. I worked as a Mission Member or Mission Leader for several organizations.

I am founder and Chairman of Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) Trust (www.bisrbd.org). I am also editing a Journal entitled Bangladesh Sociological Studies published by the BISR. Also member of International Advisory Committee of New Horizons a research journal published from Greenwich University,Pakistan. Also I worked as a referee to different reputed international journals and Ph.D thesis examiner of Karachi and Sindh University of Pakistan and IIT Guwahati of India. I was part-time teacher of Mawlana Bhasani Science and Technology University for a short period of time.

Articles


1. Extending the Reach of Microcredit: A New Model for Poverty Alleviation Through Livelihood Mapping in Bangladesh, Journal of Poverty Alleviation and International Development, Vol. 5, No. 1, June 2014.

2. -with Md. Habibur Rahman.Women in Natural Disasters: A Case Study from Southern Coastal Region of Bangladesh, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 8 (2014) 68–82 from Elsevier science.

3. -with Md. Habibur Rahman. Assessment of Women Vulnerability in Natural Disaster: An Investigation into the Coastline Area of Bangladesh, Development Review, Vol. 23, 2013, pp: 67-82.

4. Jayanta Kumar Basak and Khurshed Alam. Impacts of Carbon Dioxide Emission and Subsequent Rise of Temperature on Rice Production in Bangladesh: Implications for Food Security, International Research Journal of Environment Sciences, Vol. 2(9), 60-67, September (2013).

5. Adaptation of Coastal dwellers: The case of Bangladesh, Man and Development, Vol. XXXIII, No. 3, September 2011.

6. Adapting to Climate Change: Strengthening the Climate Resilience of Water Sector Infrastructure in Khulna, Bangladesh, Asian Development Bank, 2011 (co-author)

7. Fieldwork Experience with Particular Reference to Dhaka City (co-author), Samaj Nirikkan, No. 117, 2011.

8. Problems and Prospects of Trade Union Formation in Bangladesh, Samaj Nirikkan, No. 116, 2011.

9. Gender Analyses of Commuters in Dhaka City (in Bengali), Bangladesh Unnayan Shamikka, (BIDS) Vol. 27, 2010. (co-author)

10. Forced Labour in Bangladesh, Journal of Social Studies, No. 123 July-September 2009

11. Problems of Northern Bangladesh as Reflected in a National Daily, Samaj Nirikkan, No. 106, July-September 2008.

12. ‘Empowerment and Social Change in Tripura Tribal Community of Bangladesh’, in Eswarappa Kasi and Ramesh C Malik (eds.), in Theory and Practice of Ethnography: Readings from the Periphery, Rawat Publications, New Delhi, India, 2008.

13. Social Exclusion of Two Adibashi Communities in Bangladesh, The Eastern Anthropologist Volume 61:1, Jan-March 2008.

14. Social Aspects of Water Management with Particular Reference to Bangladesh, Bangladesh Sociological Studies, Vol. 3. No.1, March 2007.

15. Development of Bangladesh Through People’s Participation: A Review in Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, (Humanities in Bengali), Vol. 24, Number 2, December 2006.

16. People’s Power in Third World Democracy, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, (Humanities), Vol. 51, Number 1, June 2006.

17. Towards a Theory of Muslim Social Stratification, Bangladesh Sociological Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2005.

18. Development of Bangladesh: Some Experiences (in Bengali), Essays, (Centre for Advance Studies in Social Sciences, University of Dhaka) Vol. 5, 2004

19. Government and Politics: An Analytical Framework, Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, (Humanities), Vol. 49, Number 2, 2004.

20. Peasants Movement in Bangladesh (1972-1986), Labour, 6th. Year, 3rd. issue, July-September, 2003.

21. People’s Participation and Development, (in Bengali), in Dr. Abdul Latif Masum (ed.) - Comprehensive Development Review, Dhaka, Afsar Brothers, 2001.

22. Human Relations, (in Bengali), in Prof. Ziaul Islam - Modern Personnel Management and Industrial Relations, Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 1999.

23. Personnel Management: Some Practical Experience, (in Bengali). in Prof. Ziaul Islam - Modern Personnel Management and Industrial Relations, Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 1999.

24. Multiple Types of Cooperative in Agriculture: Some Possibilities, Krishi Katha, Vol.57, No.2, May - June, 1997.

25. Canal Re-excavation for Agriculture: Problems and Prospects, (in Bengali), Samaj Nirrikan, (University of Dhaka) Vol. 61, August 1996.

26. How Can Canal be Re-excavated at a Cheaper Rate, Krishi Katha, Vol.55, No.10, January-February , 1996.

27. Farmers in Haor Area: In a process of constant pauperization, (in Bengali), Unnayan Bitarka, Vol. 14, No. 3, December 1995.

28. Agricultural Production in Haor Area (Wet Land): Some Recommendations, Krishi Katha Vol.55, No.4, July-August, 1995.

29. Negative Impact of Development: An Assessment of Muhuri Irrigation Project, (in Bengali). Unnayan Bitarka, Vol. 13. No. 1, March 1994.

30. Commercialization of Agriculture and Class Relations in Rural Bangladesh in the Bangladesh Sociological Review, vol. 1, No. 2, 1987.

31. Mode of Production in Bangladesh Agriculture, in Anwarullah Chowdhury el al (eds). Sociology of Bangladesh: Problems and Prospects, Dhaka, Bangladesh Sociological Association (BSA),1987.

Books


1. Sociology of Bangladesh: An Introduction (editing the book, forthcoming).

2. Methods in Social Research, (in Bengali, 6th ed.) Dhaka, Kabir Publications, 2009.

3. Classical and Modern Sociological Theory (in Bengali, 6th ed) Dhaka, Kabir Publications, 2007.

4. An Introduction to Sociology (in Bengali), Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 2004.

5. Development of Bangladesh: As I Saw, As I Heard, (in Bangla), Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 2002.

6. Sociology of Development (in Bengali, 4th ed.), Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 2000.

7. Trend in Bangladesh Sociology (in Bengali), Dhaka, Minerva Publications, 1990.

Research Report


1. Institutional Aspects of Ship Breaking Industry in Bangladesh, Working Paper No. 44, Dhaka, Integrated Coastal Zone Management Plan Project, October 2005.

2. People’s Power in Democracy, Research Report No. 1, Dhaka, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), July 2005.

3. A Study on On-lending in Informal Financial Market in Bangladesh, working paper No. 16, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS), Dhaka, 1989.

Seminar and conferences


I also delivered talks as guest speaker in several universities and academic institutions such as Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, University of South Gujrat, University of Dhaka, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology (BUET), Centre for Social Studies (Dhaka University) and Centre for Advance Studies (Dhaka University).

Research Area


The followings are the major area of interest:

1. Climate Change

2. Disaster Management

3. Water resources management

4. People's participation

5. Institutional development

6. Social development

7. Society and politics

8. Peasant studies

9. Crime and victimization

Major Research Works

1. Demographic Discomfort (DD): An Investigation into Family Structure in Bangladesh, 2012.

2. Elected Government: From making to breaking a choice, 2012.

3. Sexual harassment of domestic workers: A social anthropological study, 2012

4. Biological Dependency and Its Effect on Family Income in Rural Bangladesh, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), August 2010.

5. Crime Victimization Survey on Dhaka City (co-researcher), Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), August 2010.

6. Gender Analysis for Improving Mobility in Dhaka City (co-researcher), Sponsored by World Bank/BIDS, 2008

7. Analyzing Causes and Conditions of Socio-political Exclusion in Northwest Bangladesh, Sponsored by RDRS Bangladesh/ DFID March 2008.

8. A Study on Prevalence of Forced Labour in Bangladesh, sponsored by BATU-SAARC December 2007.

9. Is Globalization a Challenge or Opportunity: A Study on Jute and Textile Sector, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR)/BILS/ILO, March 2005.

10. A Study on Problems and Prospects of Trade Union Formation in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) /Commonwealth Trade Union Council, September 2004.

11. Vulnerability of HIV/AIDS Among the Workers of Selected Sectors in Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), May 2004.

12. A Study on Trade Union (TU) Rights Situation in Selected Sectors of Employment in Bangladesh for Strategy Formulation sponsored by International Confederation of Free Trade Union (ICFTU) /BISR, April 2003.

13. A Study on On-lending in Informal Financial Market in Bangladesh for Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS)/ADB, Dhaka, 1989.

14. Agrarian Social Structure and Class Relations in Comilla District (Bangladesh): A Comparative study of subsistence and commercial settings, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Poona, 1985.

Innovative Ideas

While serving for different organizations, I tried to develop some innovative ideas such as:

IGA Mapping : While microcredit has helped improve the living standards of many, it has failed to meet the needs of the poorest in society. I have suggested a new model to alleviate the poverty of those beyond the reach of traditional microcredit. The model matches beneficiaries with Income Generating Activities (IGAs), using a new form of livelihood mapping. This new model has been applied to a project in the Bangladesh sub-district of Tala Upazila. Canal Maintenance Groups (CMG): Under this concept I tried to develop a concept where canals may be maintained round the year by engaging landless male labour at a less cost compare cost to be incurred though contractor. The concept was tried first in MIP, CIP and KIP of Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB) and later introduced in some other projects. It is a very effective solution of keeping the canals maintained round the year at a very less cost with maximum satisfaction of the farmers and fishers.

Rehabilitation of the River Eroded Homeless: It was tried in Chadpur Irrigation Project (CIP) of BWDB where river eroded people of mighty river Megna at Haimchar Upazila occupied the embankment of the CIP without allowing movement of any vehicle or any maintenance work. The local administration of Haimchar Upazila used police force to vacate the embankment but that did not work rather they resisted that attempt. We used another rehabilitation approach to which they responded well. They were given opportunity to work for maintenance of the same embankment and got opportunity to operate the rickshaw and rickshaw van for their earning. The river eroded people spontaneously responded to that and prevented all kinds of damage to embankment although the local administration gave us the idea that the people would resist any kind of attempt to remove them from the embankment. This participatory approach worked very well.

People’s Participation in Infrastructure Development: I could ensure 10% local contribution for infrastructure development of the country which was first tested under a World Bank funded project called RRMIMP-2 of LGED. Initially none expected that the project would be a successful one as people would not contribute any money for market, river jetty or bridge-culvert development. But by developing a participatory approach and using an Islamic sentiment I could ensure 10% contribution of local people and demand was so high that the World Bank took interest to increase the funding further.

Preparation of Needs Based Budget (NBB): I, in collaboration with an expatriate, also tried to develop a system of needs based budget (NBB) for a national organization called Bangladesh Water Development Board (BWDB). That was the first attempt in Bangladesh to develop a needs based budget for any GoB organization in the country. It was a challenging task to develop such a budget for an engineering organization.

Theoretical Works

I made some attempts to develop some theories which include:

Towards a Theory of Muslim Social Stratification: In the paper, an attempt has been made to develop a theory of Muslim social stratification with particular reference to Bangladesh taking into account the empirical evidences. Empirical evidence shows that status of Muslim households and lineage is primarily determined by Tawangari as they do not follow a rigid hierarchical system. It was published in Bangladesh Sociological Studies, Vol. 1, No. 1, March 2005.
For copy of the paper you can write to: khurshed@bisrbd.org

Government and Politics: This paper was published in Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, (Humanities), Vol. 49, Number 2, 2004. In this paper an attempt has been made to classify the government by types of decision-making where it was shown that there were three types of government which may be called GPO-1 (Government by Public Opinion); GPO-2 (Government by Party Opinion) and GPO-3 (Government by Person’s Opinion).
For copy of the paper you can write to: khurshed@bisrbd.org

People’s Power in Third World Democracy: The paper was published in the Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, (Humanities), Vol. 51, Number 1, June 2006. In this paper an attempt was made to theorize the people’s behavior in the case of anti-people act of the government. It was claimed that there would be three types of responses from the people’s side what may be called apathetic, evaluation and assertive in the case of anti-people acts of the government.
For copy of the paper you can write to: khurshed@bisrbd.org

Some more theoretical works are under progress which will be published once those are finalized.

Contact

khurshed@bisrbd.org

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  • Demographic Discomfort (DD): An Investigation into Family Structure in Bangladesh, 2012.
  • Elected Government: From making to breaking a choice, 2012.
  • Sexual harassment of domestic workers: A social anthropological study, 2012
  • Biological Dependency and Its Effect on Family Income in Rural Bangladesh, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), August 2010.
  • Crime Victimization Survey on Dhaka City (co-researcher), Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), August 2010.
  • Gender Analysis for Improving Mobility in Dhaka City (co-researcher), Sponsored by World Bank/BIDS, 2008
  • Analyzing Causes and Conditions of Socio-political Exclusion in Northwest Bangladesh, Sponsored by RDRS Bangladesh/ DFID March 2008.
  • A Study on Prevalence of Forced Labour in Bangladesh, sponsored by BATU-SAARC December 2007.
  • Is Globalization a Challenge or Opportunity: A Study on Jute and Textile Sector, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR)/BILS/ILO, March 2005.
  • A Study on Problems and Prospects of Trade Union Formation in Bangladesh, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR) /Commonwealth Trade Union Council, September 2004.
  • Vulnerability of HIV/AIDS Among the Workers of Selected Sectors in Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh Institute of Social Research (BISR), May 2004.
  • A Study on Trade Union (TU) Rights Situation in Selected Sectors of Employment in Bangladesh for Strategy Formulation sponsored by International Confederation of Free Trade Union (ICFTU) /BISR, April 2003.
  • A Study on On-lending in Informal Financial Market in Bangladesh for Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS)/ADB, Dhaka, 1989.
  • Agrarian Social Structure and Class Relations in Comilla District (Bangladesh): A Comparative study of subsistence and commercial settings, unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Poona, 1985.

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